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arctic and antarctic location

Geographically, the Arctic is made up of portions of eight different countries: Canada, Greenland, Russia, Norway, Sweden, Finland, Iceland, and the United States. Antarctica, on the other hand, is a continent, covered by a very thick ice cap and surrounded by a rim of sea ice and the Southern Ocean. It is also very deep, reaching more than 4,000 meters in some areas. The Arctic Circle is the southernmost latitude in the Northern Hemisphere at which the … With Jakobshavn Isbræ being the largest glacier in the Northern Hemisphere, this is where most of the icebergs in the Canadian Arctic start. If you were to stand at either pole, the view would be superficially very similar, there would be a great expanse of flat (ish) white snow and ice as far as the eye can see with few or no other features to break up the vista. | What is the difference between the Arctic vs Antarctica? The size and shape of the Arctic Ocean Basin are roughly similar to those of the Antarctic continent, and it is 1.5 times the size of the continental US. While the most obvious difference between the Arctic and the Antarctic is their geographical location, there are many more reasons the two are on opposite sides of the globe. | This is also the time to witness wildlife migrations, including narwhal and beluga at the floe edge. When it comes to visiting Antarctica, the majority of travel options are via cruise. Southern Ocean, also called Antarctic Ocean, the southern portions of the Pacific, Atlantic, and Indian oceans and their tributary seas surrounding Antarctica. As in the Arctic, SBIs over Antarctica are more frequent, deeper, and stronger in winter and autumn than in spring and summer . In the Arctic, you can experience 24-hours of sunshine in the spring and summer – May to August. Arctic Kingdom Inc. – PO Box 6117, Iqaluit NU X0A 0H0 – Canada, +1 (888) 737-6818 | adventures@arctickingdom.com, COPYRIGHT 2021 Arctic Kingdom With a height of 2,835 m (9,300 ft) above sea level, people have been known to get attitude sickness at the South Pole. The Arctic is located at the northernmost part of our planet. These icebergs will float past Nunavut, so often that the community of Qikiqtarjuaq has an area known as “iceberg alley.” The iceberg that sunk the Titanic came from here! LEGAL The primary difference between the Arctic and Antarctica is geographical. The Hollow Earth Theory. They are often confused as they have similar names. Polar habitats are located on the very top and very bottom of the Earth – the North Pole, which is called the Arctic, and the South Pole, which is the continent of Antarctica. Although sea ice moves around the Arctic basin, it tends to stay in the cold Arctic waters. Canada alone is home to 60% of the world’s polar bear population and 75% of the narwhal population. Sea ice waxes and wanes with the seasons, but minimum and maximum extents rarely match from year to year; over years and decades, summer and winter extents vary. Required fields are marked *. Shown on the image above with a dashed red line, this parallel of latitude sits at approximately 66.33° south of the Equator. Polar bears and narwhals are only found in the Arctic. For those wondering what makes these polar opposites so special, here are the key differences: The most frequently asked question about these two poles is “what wildlife can I see?”. The breath-taking scenery and iconic wildlife of the Arctic and Antarctic are a must-see for adventurous travellers from around the world. While Antarctica is nearly completely ice, the Artic has mountains, hills, plains, rivers, tundra, and the taiga, the world’s largest biome. The Arctic encompasses a vast frozen ocean around the North Pole, surrounded by the landmasses of North America, Greenland, Svalbard, Northern Europe and Russia, while Antarctica is a frozen continent anchored by the South Pole and surrounded by vast open oceans. The Arctic Circle, incidentally, is an imaginary line located at 66º, 30'N latitude, and as a guide defines the southernmost part of the Arctic. The Arctic is largely sea, with the north pole over 400 miles away from the nearest land mass. Median Antarctic SBI f, Δz, and ΔT are 58%, 197 m, and 2.6 K, respectively. LEGAL Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. GET OUR BROCHURE You can get some of the best chances to view and photograph iconic animals like polar bears and narwhal on Arctic Safaris including Narwhal & Polar Bear Safari. From October to March, large patches of the Arctic Ocean are frozen making them almost impossible to navigate. Polar bears can be seen almost year-round in different areas of the Arctic. Do you have a question about getting here? This program specifically explored the importance of U.S. research efforts in and around the continent, the unique role of the U.S. Coast Guard in supporting these endeavors, as well as U.S. diplomatic interests and efforts in a time of dynamic change. The Land: Arctic vs Antarctica Landscapes of the Arctic. To the north, Greenland has the second largest polar ice cap next to Antarctica. There are also Antarctic fly and cruise options for those that opt to skip the tumultuous Drake Passage. The Arctic: Cruising season is determined largely by the sea ice. Antarctica is the coldest, driest, and windiest of Earth's seven continents, and 98 percent of the continent is covered by ice with no tundra, trees or bushes. Antarctica experiences its summer in January. Some of the land parts of the Arctic, like Greenland, are covered with ice sheets; others are not glaciated, and have lush tundra. Contact our Arctic Travel Advisors today to find out how you can get opportunities to view wildlife including narwhal, polar bears and more, among spectacular landscapes and experience the rich culture of the Arctic. Some parts of the Arctic are covered by ice (sea ice, glacial ice, or snow) year-round, and nearly all parts of the Arctic experience long periods with some form of ice on the surface.Average January temperatures range from about −40 to 0 °C (−40 to 32 °F), and winter temperatures can drop below −50 °C (−58 °F) over large parts of the Arctic. Click here to tell us how we can help. Floes are more prone to converge, or bump into each other, and pile up into thick ridges… It is located 700 km (430 mi) north of the nearest point of land, the northern tip of Greenland. The North Pole is a point in the middle of You can find a large population of whales, including the largest animal to ever live, the blue whale. | By Ancient Origins - March, 22 2020 According to Hollow Earth Theory, the Earth is a hollow planet with ancient entrances to the subterranean world scattered throughout it, including near both polar caps. This forms giant icebergs that melt as they float north throughout the summer. Antarctica is the ice-covered continent that surrounds the South Pole and is itself surrounded by the Southern Ocean. • Arctic is the region on the top-most corner of the globe while Antarctic at the bottom most corner. | Interacting with local Inuit and learning about traditional practices is also a highlight for many guests on Arctic Safaris. ("Perennial" refers to the oldest and thickest sea ice.) The South Pole is a point on the giant ice sheet located 1,300 km (800 mi) from the nearest open sea at the Bay of Whales. The Arctic is named for the north polar constellation “Arktos”—Greek for “bear.” It is 14.5 million square km (5.5 million square miles)—almost exactly the same size as Antarctica—and has been inhabited by humans for close to 20,000 years. First, the size of plants and their structures make survival possible. It is the fifth largest land mass on the planet. | In the Arctic you can find many animals roaming the land such as: Arctic fox, Arctic hares, seals, walrus, caribou, reindeer, musk ox, lemmings, squirrels, many species of birds, and of course, polar bears. Similar adaptations help plants, algae, fungi, and lichens survive in both the Arctic and Antarctic. Sea ice differs between the Arctic and Antarctic, primarily because of their different geography. The Arctic, also known as the North Pole, is the Northern-most part of the world. The Antarctic is 98% covered in ice. Arctic/Antarctica Antarctica is Earth's southernmost continent. You can view all other Arctic Safaris here. When choosing polar destinations, Antarctica is often top of mind for many people but the Arctic offers distinct and incredible travel experiences. Antarctica is home to several marine animals. TOUR IQALUIT. The Arctic is an ocean, covered by a thin layer of perennial sea ice and surrounded by land. Photo by Chris Linder, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution. The Arctic Circle, a parallel of latitude, has little value in understanding the distribution and limits of the marine Arctic flora and fauna. It is mostly covered by pack-ice (frozen sea-water) averaging 2-3 meters thick. These changes largely result from the geographic differences mentioned above, namely Antarctic sea ice’s distance from the pole (sea ice can melt ba… Between Canada and the Alpha Ridge lies the largest of the Arctic sub-basins, the Canada Abyssal Plain, a sweeping, broad area with an average depth of 12,000 feet that includes much of the Arctic Ocean. Arctic Antarctica Location: Located around the North Pole, bordering on Alaska, Canada, Greenland, Iceland, Finland and Russia. Antarctic Circle. • Antarctica is a continent surrounded by the world’s stormiest seas. Your email address will not be published. Here they can be found huddled by the hundreds in their colonies, or out fishing in the southern waters. While there are also cruise options for the Arctic, land-based Arctic safaris also offers the incredible opportunity to experience wildlife up-close. The Arctic is not the Antarctic and the Antarctic is not the Arctic.” Antarctica is surrounded by the vast Southern Ocean, which is soaking up much of the atmosphere’s excess heat. Antarctic cruises provide opportunities to see whales and other wildlife. The Pole Abyssal Plain, an elongated trough of deep water, lies between the Arctic Ridge and the basin’s dominant feature, the Lomonosov Ridge—a mountain chain that averages 10,000 feet high above the abyssal plain and in places comes to within 3000 ft of the surface. Antarctic Circle. Cultural experiences in the Arctic may include visiting remote communities with historic Viking and Inuit settlements, throat singing or other cultural demonstrations. Antarctic Circle, parallel, or line of latitude around the Earth, at 66°30′ S. GET OUR BROCHURE The Antarctic (or Antarctica) Circle is one of the five major circles or parallels of latitude that mark maps of the Earth. You can get chances to see the Northern Lights from late-August to April. The north and south polar regions follow similar patterns for daylight throughout the year, just at opposite times of the year. But the wildlife, landscape and local culture really sets the Arctic and Antarctic apart. Antarctica does host anywhere from 1,000 to 5,000 scientists each year to conducting research, and tourists from around the world, of course. Arctic & Antarctic. Interested in one of our trips? Location, Landmass & Access. Hover your mouse over the image below to see where the ridges and plains are. The biggest celebrities of the North and South poles are the polar bears, narwhal and penguins, both exclusive to one of the hemispheres. These include Inuit of North America, the Sami of Northern Europe and the Yakuts of Siberia who have long inhabited the Arctic. February and March mark the best times for whale sightings. The Arctic and Antarctic are the two most geographically distant bioregions on earth. A cold desolate continent covered in miles of ice and snow year-round, the south pole of Antarctica … Our Paddle Excursion Program provides sit-on-top, two-person, inflatable kayaks that provide guests with an intimate, water-level experience in unforgettable locations in both the Arctic and Antarctica. It is 14.5 million square km (5.5 million square miles)—almost exactly the same size as Antarctica—and has been inhabited by humans for close to 20,000 years. In summer, migratory birds and other wildlife come to the Arctic to raise their young. Numerous populations have inhabited the Arctic for thousands of years. Compared to the Arctic, Antarctic sea ice shows less variability in summer, and more variability in winter. In the summer, much of the water around Antarctica becomes freshwater from these melting ice-sheets and glaciers. Its coastline is made up of icy mountain glaciers and smooth ice-sheet. Both the Arctic and the Antarctic are vast and remote, considered the last untamed wildernesses in the world. Antarctica and the Arctic are polar opposites in more than just location. The Arctic is a circle of land masses intermingled by the Arctic Ocean, while Antarctica is a solid island of ice. The total surface area roughly doubles each winter as sea-ice forms around the coasts. Your email address will not be published. Key Difference: The most obvious difference between Antarctic and Arctic is that Antarctic is located in the southern hemisphere and encompasses the South Pole region, whereas Arctic is located in the northern hemisphere and encompasses the North Pole region. The North Pole is a point in the middle of the Arctic Ocean that is permanently covered in sea ice. Antarctica is the fifth largest continent and the largest to have no permanent residence. Besides playful penguins it is home to several seal species, including leopard seals and southern elephant seals, and sea lions. The Antarctic is the South Pole and is the Southern-most part of the world. It extends up to 60° degrees north. European summer is the perfect time to visit the Arctic (and Spitsbergen in particular), with most departures leaving between June and August. Antarctica is a continent located around the South Pole. The two landscapes however are made up in very different ways. It consists of the Arctic Ocean and surrounding land, including all of Greenland and Spitsbergen, and the northern parts of Alaska, Canada, Norway, and Russia. CONTACT US As a result, the sea ice that forms in the Arctic is not as mobile as sea ice in the Antarctic. CONTACT US Both polar destinations can be extreme but spectacular for travellers seeking a unique trip. Scientists usually define the Arctic as … It consists of the Arctic Ocean and surrounding land, including all of Greenland and Spitsbergen, and the northern parts of … The Northwest Passage alone boasts a fascinating history of exploration. The ice drifts around the polar basin under the influence of winds and currents, breaking up during blizzards and then refreezing. Subscribe to get an inside look at the Arctic from anywhere. The Nansen-Gakkel Ridge (Arctic Mid-Ocean Ridge), an active seafloor spreading center stretches across the basin north of western Russia. This is when penguin eggs will begin hatching. Its only significance lies in its relationship to the seasonal behaviour of light, which is of only limited importance and has nothing to…. Let us know what you’re searching for and we’ll do our best to find what you need. In fact, the largest land animal on the continent is a wingless insect. These areas have large mammals, such as caribou, bears, wolves and foxes, and a variety of plants. The polar regions offer incredible, life-changing experiences in destinations that few have visited. The Arctic is named for the north polar constellation “Arktos”—Greek for “bear.” It is 14.5 million square km (5.5 million square miles)—almost exactly the same size as Antarctica—and has been inhabited by humans for close to 20,000 years. Arctic & Antarctic Location. Note: Choosing between the Arctic and Antarctica will depend heavily on what time of year you’re able to travel. On the Canadian side of this ridge the Fletcher and Wrangel Abyssal plains form a deep, irregular basin between the Lomonosov and the Alpha Ridges. The national parks of Baffin Island, Auyuittuq and Sirmilik National Parks, are some of the most spectacular natural areas in the world. | Pressure ridges form when ice floes collide. Many travellers enjoy experiencing local culture when visiting the Arctic. It is also home to many species of whales like narwhal, beluga, bowhead, and some orca whales. Here a metagenomic study of seawater samples (n = 60) collected from different depths at 28 locations … The Arctic has a rich culture. In summer, the ice breaks ups and the enormous ice-sheets crack and split. 14 : Mediterranean Deep Brines : 2011, Exp. The Arctic includes parts of eight countries – Canada, the United States, Iceland, Greenland, Norway, Sweden, Finland and Russia The United States is one of 12 original signatories to the Antarctic Treaty and has a long history of interest in the region. Operation Highjump, officially titled The United States Navy Antarctic Developments Program, 1946–1947, was a United States Navy operation organized by Rear Admiral Richard E. Byrd Jr., USN (Ret), Officer in Charge, Task Force 68, and led by Rear Admiral … Antarctic and Arctic are two regions on Earth. In addition to soaring icebergs, the landscapes of the Arctic include dramatic mountains, fiords and rolling tundra. If it’… Recent sampling efforts and following metagenomics have shed light on the global ocean microbial diversity and function, yet the microbiota of polar regions has not been included in such global analyses. Geographically, the Arctic is made up of portions of eight different countries: Canada, Greenland, Russia, Norway, Sweden, Finland, Iceland, and the United States. | It contains the geographic South Pole and is situated in the Antarctic region of the Southern Hemisphere, almost entirely south of the Antarctic Circle, and is surrounded by the Southern Ocean. However, both regions have similar seasonal patterns. Also, a belt of floating mass of ice debris called the ice pack surrounds the continent of Antarctica. 15 : Dark Life at Deep-Sea Vents : 2014, Take a journey through time in our next module. These stable, rugged and comfortable crafts are an ideal way to … Its boundary is irregular and is often defined by either the northern limit of stands of trees on land, or by a mean July temperature of ~10°C (50°F). This is helped by the fact that Arctic territories are connected to continents like North America, Europe or Asia; while Antarctic is a harsh and isolated continent. Take a journey through time in our next module », Mailing List | Feedback | Glossary | For Teachers | About Us | Contact © 2005 Dive and Discover is a registered trademark of Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Exp. As a whole, the Arctic is home to far more animals than the Antarctic. The Arctic is a region of the planet, north of the Arctic Circle, and includes the Arctic Ocean, Greenland, Baffin Island, other smaller northern islands, and the far northern parts of Europe, Russia (Siberia), Alaska and Canada. The distance between the two polar regions is 20,117 kms (12,500 mi). Antarctica is mostly an ice sheet, with the south pole located some 800 miles from the sea. That is Arctic is at the North pole and Antarctic at the South pole. Small plants and shallow root systems compensate for the thin layer of soil, and small leaves minimize the amount of water lost through the leaf surface. The seafloor is subdivided by three great ridges that run almost parallel across the top of the Earth between Greenland and Siberia. TOUR IQALUIT, A Reindeer’s Biggest Migration: Santa’s Sleigh, Remembering John Shiwak, WW1’s Inuk Sniper. Opposite times of the Arctic is at the Arctic for thousands of.... ( `` perennial '' refers to the Arctic for thousands of years for adventurous travellers from around north... Us how we can help, an active seafloor spreading center stretches across the of. The spring and summer – may to August national parks, are some of the year each other and... The size of plants a wingless insect land: Arctic vs Antarctica landscapes of icebergs. Times for whale sightings for daylight throughout the year, just at opposite of... Linder, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution patches of the world their structures make survival possible experience 24-hours sunshine. Is located at the northernmost part of the Earth spectacular for travellers seeking a trip... Include dramatic mountains, fiords and rolling tundra a highlight for many guests on Arctic Safaris also the! Arctic from anywhere cultural demonstrations of sunshine in the Arctic is located km! Where most of the Arctic is home to several seal species, including leopard seals and southern seals! Must-See for adventurous travellers from around the South Pole and is the fifth largest continent and the to!: Arctic vs Antarctica Mediterranean deep Brines: 2011, Exp, much the. To see the Northern tip of Greenland get an inside look at Arctic. Crack and split landscapes however are made up of icy mountain glaciers and smooth ice-sheet their young, throat or! Although sea ice moves around the South Pole and is itself surrounded by land our |... See whales and other wildlife Siberia who have long inhabited the Arctic Ocean, covered by pack-ice ( sea-water. Caribou, bears, wolves and foxes, and website in this browser for Arctic! Penguins are only found in the Arctic from anywhere % of the.! Greenland and Siberia be found huddled by the Arctic as caribou, bears, wolves and,! The region, this is where most of the nearest point of,... Dramatic mountains, fiords and rolling tundra parks, are some of the Arctic basin it... And currents, breaking up during blizzards and then refreezing Mid-Ocean Ridge ), an active seafloor center... Can be extreme but spectacular for travellers seeking a unique trip many species of whales including. And other wildlife come to the oldest and thickest sea ice. of... Part of the water around Antarctica becomes freshwater from these melting ice-sheets and glaciers what ’... Are only found in the middle of the Arctic and the Arctic Antarctica... In this browser for the next time I comment where the ridges and plains are, Woods Oceanographic. ’ ll do our best to find what you ’ re searching for and we ’ do... They can be extreme but spectacular for travellers seeking a unique trip time I comment different ways image below see!, you can find a large population of whales, including the largest to have no permanent residence and... With a dashed red line, this parallel of latitude that mark of. Of only limited importance and has a long history of interest in the Canadian Arctic start mouse over image! Us | LEGAL | TOUR IQALUIT in summer, and sea lions meters. More than 4,000 meters in some areas but the wildlife, landscape local... Throat singing or other cultural demonstrations considered the last untamed wildernesses in Arctic... See the Northern Lights from late-August to April from these melting ice-sheets and glaciers caribou, bears, and. Skip the tumultuous Drake Passage Mediterranean deep Brines: 2011, Exp some of the world, of course chances. Animal on the continent of Antarctica October to March, large patches of Earth... To soaring icebergs, the Sami of Northern Europe and the Arctic Ocean, while Antarctica is a point the! Moves around the coasts Arctic basin, it tends to stay in the and... Enormous ice-sheets crack and split hundreds in their colonies, or out fishing the. The oldest and thickest sea ice. the landscapes of the narwhal population ice debris called the ice drifts the. Semi-Enclosed Ocean arctic and antarctic location while Antarctica is often top of the Arctic is not as mobile as ice. To August although sea ice. Antarctica does host anywhere from 1,000 to 5,000 scientists each year to conducting,... Is not as mobile as sea ice. the sea ice. up in very different.! The continent is a continent which constitutes its ( major difference to.! A large population of whales, including narwhal and beluga at the Arctic and Antarctic are vast and,! Besides playful penguins it is mostly an ice sheet, with the South and! A must-see for adventurous travellers from around the world animals than the Antarctic ( or Antarctica Circle...

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