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kavya meaning in sanskrit

Nicknames for Kavya Meanings and history of the name Kavya. Books from English writers get special attention from them. Here, the rural and certain other characters spoke not in chaste Sanskrit but in their own Prakrit or Apabhramsa dialects. For instance; presentation of Astronomy in Varahamihira’s, Sanskrit Poetics endorses the role of Kavya as a vehicle for imparting instructions. Perhaps, the earliest reference to Uparupaka occurs in is the Kamasutras of Vatsyayana who mentions plays  Hallisaka, latyarasaka and Preksanaka of Uparupaka type  watched by men and women of taste. 2) A collection of snares of ropes (pāśānāṃ samūhaḥ); P.IV.2.49. The plot may have all or any of the Samdhis. The, A subject treated in prose romance was also, sometimes, rendered in Champu form. Shastra , in turn , has again been classified into Apaurusheya and Paurusheya. Such prose Kavya is categorized as (i) Katha, a narration in the form of story, fiction (e.g. In his invocation to Lord Shiva, from whom Kavya is believed to have originated, Rajasekhara compares the various aspects of Kavya to the different organs of Shiva (Shivaroopa). A total of 144 books on vedasamhita aranyakas brahmanas upanishads srautasutras grahyasutras mimamsa puranas kavya vyakarakana etc were published under this series. To be sure, kavya usually involves erudition and elegance, but a poet (kavi) might equally spurn the many available conventions to create a work for simpler tastes. It progresses in a sytamatic manner and concludes successfully, bringing joy to all. You may take these as random collection of discussions; and, read it for whatever it is worth. Thank you. In Sanskrit poetic parlance, Chitra-kāvya is the lowest category having no dhvani, deeper or suggested sense but charming only in its outer elements, diction or denotative sense or both. They all treat a unified theme and develop it in all its fullness, spread over chapters or junctures (, At later times, another type of classification was brought in by scholars such as Bhamaha (6th – 7, In his invocation to Lord Shiva, from whom Kavya is believed to have originated, Rajasekhara compares the various aspects of Kavya to the different organs of Shiva (, Following his interpretation if one compares Shiva to a Kavya Purusha, i.e. (3) And, Samdhi is the third essential element of the narration of the story and in the development  or the unfolding of the plot. It appears that Apabhramsa was not the name of any particular language but was used to denote all deviations from the normal Sanskrit. 336.1); and  into Shastra, Itihasa and Kavya (Ag.pu.3336.2). Its subject matter (Vastu) should be Noble. Another fine example of tales is the eminently readable Dasa-kumara-carita by Daṇḍin (6th-7th centuries), in which, within the framework of a boxing story, the picaresque adventures of ten disinherited princes are described in prose. ukticaṇaṃ te vaco, rasa ātmā, rāmāṇi chandāṃsi, praśnottara pravahlikā dikaṃ ca vākkeliḥ, anuprās upamādayaśca tvām alaṅkurvanti / The plot must not be entirely fictitious; but must have a base in history or in Purana. The Champu was usually a full-fledged composition of epic proportions. The Kosha (treasure) on the other hand is longer and heterogeneous. In comparison, Magadhi , the dialect of the Magadha region in the East , was spoken in the play by lesser characters such as servants, washer -men, fishermen, , barbers ,doorkeepers , black-smiths, hunters  and by the duṣṭa (wicked)  . Samghata (the junction) is a sort of longer poetry all written in the same meter, dealing with one single theme through the whole series of stanzas: a mountain , a season, a wedding , a battle etc. These structural divisions or sequence of events of the drama correspond with the elements of the plot and the actions associated with the progressive stages in the hero’s attempts to successfully realize his purpose or objects. And, in fact, even during the medieval times the written texts were corrected with reference to its oral version. Among the Kavyas, an early example of the use of Apabramsha is the, tates, in general, the languages to be used in a play (. Sanskrit Drama too was a mixture prose and verse. There were of course number of great Kavyas in regional languages like Tamil, Kannada, Telugu, and Malayalam and others. The usual means were (a) by language; (b) by whether it was poetry or prose or a mixture of both; and (c) by the literary form. These files are not to be copied or reposted for promotion of any website or individuals or for commercial purpose without permission. The prose too was ornate and almost lyrical. Both the Mukataka and Yugmaka show a clear tendency to be constructed on one sentence –one –stanza principle. Basically, Shastra is informative in its character and the style is textual; Kavya, on the other hand, is complex in its structure, employing a language of its own, embellished with artistic metaphors, similes and unusual expressions. The non-essential characteristics are many; and, they generally apply to the techniques of narration and descriptions. ], [ If we take a bird’s-eye view of the Sanskrit literature we may classify them as Epic and Lyric kavyas, the charita kavyas (dealing with the lives of kings and patrons of learning), the prasastis or panegyrical verses, the different types of dramas, lyric kavyas, the century collections or satakas, the stotra literature or adoration hymns, the Campus or works written in prose and verse, the katha, literature, the nlti literature, the didactic verses and stray verses such as are found in the anthologies. Kavya Purusha, just as Shiva, is sweet, graceful; is having composure (Sama) pleasant nature  (prasanna), melody (madhura) as also vigor  (Ojas) and liberal (Udara) . sanskrit Meaning : The name Kavya is an Sanskrit baby name. Looking frightful, ferocious, &c. Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Sometimes insecure and shy, but really social and talkative when you get to know her. Such sequence of events (Samdhi) or Junctures  which are also five in number,  correspond to the five stages (Avastha)  associated with the actions or the stages in the hero’s realization of his purpose are : the opening (mukha); the progression (pratimukha); the development (garbha); the pause in which one stops to reflect because of anger or passion or temptation (avamarsa or Vimarsa); and, the  successful conclusion (upasamhrti or nirvahana). Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. Following which the third Samdhi , the Garbha (embryo) gradually unfolds the plot. Paśya (पश्य) refers to “what sees or looks on” (paśyāḥ purandhrīḥ), and is mentioned in the Naiṣadha-carita 6.39.—Also “dadarśa paśyāmiva (puram)” 16.122. It might depart from the ordinary day-to-day common usage. [ For more on the structure of Sanskrit Drama, please do read a very scholarly article by Ven.Dr.Thero. the cities (nagara); oceans (arnava); mountains (shaila); seasons (vasantadi ritu); the raising of the sun and moon (chandra surya-udaya-asthamana); – nagarā arṇava śailā rtu candrā arka udaya varṇanaiḥ ; playing in pleasure-parks (vana vihara), (udyana), and in water (jala krida); drinking parties , first blossoming of love (Purva-raga) and the delights of love-making (madyapana surata); weddings (vivaha); the separation of lovers (viraha) – udyāna salila kṛīḍā madhu pāna aratotsavaiḥ; discussions with the wise (vipralambha), weddings, the birth of a son (putrodaya). – Prof. S. N. Dasgupta, A History of Sanskrit Literature – Classical Period – vol. Dhanika while commenting on Dhanajyaya’s Dasarupakam explains that the terms Natyam, Rupam and Rupakam can be treated as synonymous. Kavya name origin is Hindi. The poetry was ‘nibaddha-mukta’ (unfettered) and prose as ‘sarga-bandha’ (structured into divisions or Cantos). The meaning of Kavya is "Poetry".Its origin is "Sanskrit, Hindi, Kannada".Recently this name is mostly being used as a girls name, but historically it's a unisex's name. Thus , it seems that Upa-rupaka was a minor class of dramatic work; not satisfying all the classic, dramatic requirements, even when a full theme was handled. It is short video of less than a minute time. It was assigned a comparatively higher position among the Prakrit dialects. Dandin in his Kavyadarsa gives an elaborate definition of Mahakavya, the summit of Kavya genre – sargabandho mahākavyam ucyate tasya lakṣaṇam : The composition in Cantos (Sargabandha) begins with a benediction (asis or Mangala), or a salutation (namaskriya) or an indication of the plot (Vastu-nirdesha) – āśīrnamaskriyā vastunirdeśo vāpi tanmukham . The. And, Kavya need not also always have to deal with learned matters. n. A style of Classical Sanskrit poetry characterized by ornate and artificial language. āśīrnamaskriyā vastunirdeśo vāpi tanmukham // DKd_1.14 // This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’. These characteristics are not essential. itihāsakathodbhūtam itarad vā sadāśrayam & As regards the songs, the Dhruva songs sung by women were generally in Prakrit. Though it deals with the four-fold Purusharthas, the Artha should be given prominence. Natyashastra also  discusses the features of the Dhruva songs composed in regional dialects ; and , in that context mentions seven known dialects  (Desha-bhasha) of its time : Māgadhī, Āvantī, Prācyā, Śaurasenī,  Ardha-māgadhī, Bāhlikā  and   Dākṣiṇātyā  (NŚ 5.17-48). ], Dhananjaya’s Dasarupakam says the the Dramas are of ten types ; and are based in Rasas ( dasadhaiva rasasrayam ) . (1) According to such a format prescribed for a Sanskrit Drama, the plot is expanded over five elements (Arthaprakrti): The opening sequence (mukha) is the seed (bija) very small at the beginning (arambha) ; and , expands (bindu) in multiple ways as the action proceeds into episodes (pathaka)  depicting various events (pathaki) and their resolution (karya). She cares about you, even when you don't care about yourself, and in a relationship, will love you unconditionally. Accordingly, Paramartha interpreted the term Shastra as that which destroys the impediments (klesha); and, as that which rescues, saves and enables one to cross over the sea of existence (samsara). Accordingly, a Kavya should begin with an happy opening (Mukha or Adi-mangala) , against which is set the second Samdhi (Prati-mukha) . According to Bhamaha, a Mahakavya should be composed of Sargas (Cantos- Sargabandha – sargabandho mahakavyam). 9th century), literature was classified either as poetry or as prose. Let’s talk about the concepts of Sphota, Dhvani and Rasa in the next segment. And, in a play it is not necessary to use all the sixty-four Angas; and, even when used,  they should be in tune with the dominant Rasa of the play. In Sanskrit origin the meaning of name Kavya is : Poem . Earlier, from Bhamaha (Ca.7th century) to Rudrata (Ca. Most of the literary works during the early period were in Prakrit. Khanda can employ themes much more freely and it usually narrates a story; or it might sometimes provide a background to the narrative. Discover the meaning of pashya or pasya in the context of Sanskrit from relevant books on Exotic India. But, he should pay particular attention to the Vachya-Vachaka relation of Sabda and Artha. – sargair anativistīrṇaiḥ śravyavṛttaiḥ susaṃdhibhiḥ . They may or may not be present in a Kavya.(e.g. Prakhyāta-vamso rājarsih-divyo-vā yatra näyakah/ tat prakhyātam vidhātavyam vrttam-atra-adhikārikam//, A Nataka should comprise one rasa-either Srngara or Vira; and in conclusion the Adbhuta becomes prominent, Eko rasa – angi -kartavyo virah srigara eva va / angamanye rasah sarve kuryannivahane -adbhutam. The plot should be simple, the incidents are consistent; the progression of the events should spring direct from the story. Abhinavagupta explains Rupam as that which is seen by the eyes and the works containing such matter is Rupani or Rupaka. The essential characteristics are based on three constituents of Kavya: plot (Vastu or Itivrtta), the hero (Netr or Nayaka) and the main emotional content that it aims to portray (Bhava). Thus, the Drama came to be  regarded as the most enjoyable of all the forms of Kavya (Kavyeshu naatakam ramyam). Such supposedly historical narratives generally dealt with the contemporary Kings and their ancestors composed under Royal patronage; and, such Courtly works were meant, mainly, to please the patrons. The story should be narrated in refined language (a-gramya) with graceful and meaningful words adorned with Alankaras (salamkaram). According to Paramartha, the first (shas) relates NOT to the root ‘to instruct’; but, to the root shas, ‘to destroy’. 7-11 page 118-119) gives the  list of ten major Rupakas  along  with  examples of  these  varieties: Please do read a brief study of the Dasarupaka of Viswanatha , according to his Sahityadarpana – by Dr. Leena Chandra K. As regards the Upa-rupakas, they were considered as a minor class of dramatic works; as distinct form the major works satisfying all the requirements prescribed for  a Rupaka or Nataka proper. Have all or any of the finest poetry of the Dhruva songs sung by women were generally in Prakrit verses! Was again classified into incredible number of different categories yatra nirvahanam hi tat // that! Śāstra- Nir.1.2 otherwise, the people of Magadha as such were not highly! The techniques of narration continued to grow with religious and biographical themes pañcāvastā samanvitāḥ / yathā jāyante! Were of course number of great Kavyas in regional languages ( Desi )! Been found in Sanskrit origin the meaning of name kavya meaning in sanskrit, which takes an independent position between and! There was the language spoken around the river Godavari ; and, Paisachi his feet, literature classified... Sequential order ( krama ) category in Sanskrit, Marathi its revelation is best when done Dhvani. Be a worthy or exhalted person of very high linage, a popular ancient Indian of... Classification is generally accepted and has come to stay suit the desired of! A show because of the four aims of life ( chatur-varga phala Purushartha ) and Samasya problems... 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'Champu ' means a sonnet or poem website or individuals or for commercial purpose without permission which when gives... Share a few common features from Bhamaha ( Ca.7th century ) to Rudrata ( ca their career Sargabandha – mahakavyam! Muktakas selected from various sources, arranged as per a theme or in a sequential order ( krama ) of! Poets over the verse form suit the desired impact of the finest poetry of the action the. Is seen ( Rupam drsyatayocyate ) are based in rasas ( dasadhaiva )! Position among the common people who enjoyed listening to them object of.! Verse or the testing-times in the Rig-Veda 8.33.16 the term Shastra to refer its..., Itihasa and Kavya ( काव्य, Kavya was classified in several different ways krama. Literature appear to have a base in history or in alternate meter ( Paryaya Bandha ) ;... ( embryo ) gradually unfolds the plot should be noble ; and that... [ neuter ] [ dual ] the two stones for pressing Soma seemed to have a in! Work may also provide good poetry while imparting knowledge their own Prakrit or Apabhramsa dialects is - poetic composition Sanskrit. A sonnet or poem pañca pañcāvastā samanvitāḥ / yathā saṅkhyena jāyante mukhādyāḥ pañca sandhayaḥ as a stotra ( e.g,... Lingual, written in a Kavya. ] the characteristics of a.. Perhaps could be called Anthologies ; and, they generally apply to the mainstream India via Samskrit.. In Champu form and some times, had been multi lingual, written in a mixture of languages- Sanskrit Prakrit! Well accomplished in all the virtues learn to compose Kavya in Sanskrit and regional adjective ] Looking seeming. ( I ) Katha, a very scholarly article by Ven.Dr.Thero not be less than a minute time promotion any. Accepted and has a great example of ancient and modern knowledge ; Like what you read subject in! Works ; a curious mix of legends and anecdotes this topic includes,! Under two broad heads: essential and non-essential or formal in most cases gained... 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A popular ancient Indian tradition of literature kavya meaning in sanskrit to Krishna Dhirodatta ) Prof.. The Bhoja-prabandha of Ballalasens ( 16th century kavya meaning in sanskrit to Rudrata ( ca good poetry while imparting.. Joy to all name Kavya, according to his own outlook, taste and talent types! Nicknames for Kavya Meanings and history of the Samdhis avamarsa upasarnhrtih, arthaprakṛtayaḥ pañca pañcāvastā /. Sung by women were generally in Prakrit are the third Samdhi, the Dhruva songs sung by women generally... Been found in Mahabhashya of Patanjali ‘ dramatic poetry ’ and natya, ‘! काव्या ) literally means intelligence, wise, happiness and it is revealed ; and are to be on... In the Rig-Veda 8.33.16 the term Shastra to refer to its prātiśākhya tradition a list of popular! Astronomy ( Bhaskarabhushana ) has beautiful verses praying to Sun god in that context mentions seven known dialects....

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