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medical term for tumor

Generally, a secondary tumor results from the spread of malignant cells through the lymphatic system or bloodstream. Tumor marker tests and imaging may be used; some tumors can be seen (for example, tumors on the exterior of the skin) or felt (palpated with the hands). Most people need help understanding the definition of a mass — a term used interchangeably with “tumor” — as well as some assurance that there isn’t automatically a reason to panic. FBD abbreviates the medical term meaning: a disorder characterized by one or more benign cysts in the breast Angiogenesis Inhibitors. The anterior tongue is the front two … Uterine neoplasia, which may cause sterility or abortion or obstruct labor. A benign tumor of the jaw, occurring mostly during the first year of life. Is this a tumor? I felt a lump in my breast a few days ago in the shower. In its medical sense "tumor" … carcin- cancer. Other malignant tumor types are oligodendrogliomas and acoustic neuromas (Schwannomas). Fluid intake may be restricted to 1500 ml/24 hr. A tumor in which the tissue differs from that in which it is growing. The tumor appears brown on gross examination because it contains blood and by-products of the metabolism of hemoglobin. Any tumor, growth, or … The oral agent temozolomide (Temodar) crosses the blood-brain barrier and is usually well tolerated by the patient. See additional information. 1. Tumor markers are found in both normal cells and cancer cells, but they are made in larger amounts by cancer cells. Medical records can be very difficult to read and comprehend. Incidence in children is usually greatest before age 12, with astrocytomas, medulloblastomas, ependymomas, and brain stem gliomas being most common. A benign or malignant tumor of bone in which the cells are multinucleated and surrounded by cellular spindle cell stroma. The medical term meaning malignant tumor of the ovary is: ovarian cancer. Definitive diagnosis is by tissue biopsy performed by stereotactic surgery. The medical term referring to the inflammation of the female pelvic organs is: pelvic inflammatory disease. gram- record or write. A tumor that has formed at a location remote from the original location of the tumor. A rare form of gestational trophoblastic disease simulating carcinoma and arising at the attachment of the placenta to the uterine wall. Uterine tumors may become infected or twisted on their attachments. Their names usually reflect the kind of tissue they arise in, and may also tell you something about their shape or how they grow. We use planning and guidance software to approach the, Serous cystadenoma was the most common benign, So while doing his internship, he began research into Chinese herbal medicine treatments for cancer patients and a new technique of biochemical biopsy for, Recently, a mammary carcinoma stem cell has been isolated from primary mammary carcinomas using four cell surface markers (CD44; CD24; a mammary, Furthermore, intensive study of pathobiologic markers provided evidence that the, Dictionary, Encyclopedia and Thesaurus - The Free Dictionary, Pigmented neuroectodermal tumor of infancy, the webmaster's page for free fun content, HISTOPATHOLOGIC PATTERN OF OVARIAN TUMORS IN VARIOUS AGE GROUPS, Histological spectrum of central nervous system tumours--a study at a tertiary care centre in Bihar, THE HISTOPATHOLOGICAL PATTERN OF SALIVARY GLAND TUMORS, Histopathological study of ovarian tumors in Ajmer region, Endolymphatic sac tumor: a report of 3 cases and discussion of management, ULTASOUND RADIOFREQUENCY USED TO TREAT HEPATIC CYSTS, Medical maverick Tsuneo Kobayashi: a forerunner of cancer treatment and prevention, The use of antiretroviral therapy in patients undergoing treatment for HIV-related neoplastic disease, Simpler liver cancer staging system proposed. Here is a list of word parts. Terms of Use. The following are terms that you might hear during the diagnosis and treatment of cancer: Adjuvant therapy: Therapy used to kill remaining cancer cells left behind after primary treatment, usually surgery. This means that it does not spread to other parts of the body. This is the removal of a small section of the tumour, the sample will be analysed by a histopathologist in order to establish a precise diagnosis. A neoplasm composed of or resembling enlarged papillae. But most gallbladder cancers are discovered at a late stage, when the … While it is often used interchangeably with cancer, the term is also used to describe medical and psychological conditions other than cancer that are dangerous or ominous. Cancer is a scary word, but as you have learned by now, words give you the information you need to make knowledgeable decisions in consultation with your family physician and oncologist (cancer specialist). Tumor location: For some cancers, the main tumor’s location affects outlook and is taken into account in staging. home/medterms medical dictionary a-z list / cancer center/ tumor definition. ©1996-2021 MedicineNet, Inc. All rights reserved. A benign nodular accumulation of mast cells. Most clinical signs are due to the increased ICP, but signs and symptoms may vary due to the type of tumor, its location, and the degree and speed of invasion. Cell phone use has been implicated in acoustic neuromas. Neoplastic brain tumors may be benign or malignant. Subscript number is used to indicate the size or spread of the tumor. These specially … Lumbar puncture demonstrates increased pressure and protein levels, decreased glucose levels, and (sometimes) tumor cells in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). It does not invade nearby tissue. Synonyms of malignant in medicine include cancer, virulent, or malevolent. More than 150 different brain tumors have been documented, but the two main groups of brain tumors are termed primary and metastatic . ... Medical Term Definition Shunt Hole or small tube which moves, or allows movement of fluid from one part of the body to another. If the patient is aphasic or develops dysphagia, a speech pathologist must be consulted. cardiogram (mardi/o/gram)- is a record or recording of … Tumors can be benign or malignant (cancerous). MRI spectroscopy reveals the physiology of treated tumors to differentiate dead tissue from an actively growing tumor. They may be at the beginning, in the middle, or at the end of a medical word. Antiemetics are provided before and after chemotherapy to minimize nausea and prevent vomiting. 5 synonyms of tumor from the Merriam-Webster Thesaurus, plus 10 related words, definitions, and antonyms. Instead you will learn the meaning of certain prefixes, suffixes, and roots that as word elements make up the common medical terms related to the diagnosis and treatment of cancer. Tumor: An abnormal mass of tissue. A malignant tumor that arises from the supporting cells (stromal cells) that encircle the ovary. Surgical procedure. There are two medical terms for a muscle tumour. The patient and family are referred to resource and support services (e.g., social service, home health care agencies, the American Cancer Society, and other such voluntary agencies). This is an abbreviation for BReast CAncer gene.BRCA1 and BRCA2 are two genes that have been found to impact the chances of developing breast cancer, but they don’t cause cancer. I'm scared. adenocarcinoma (aden/o/carcin/oma)- a cancerous, tumor composed of gland-like cells. Physical and occupational therapists help the patient maintain independence and quality of life and provide aids for self-care and mobility. Stress ulcers may occur; therefore the patient is assessed for abdominal distention, pain, vomiting, and tarry stools. Tumor: An abnormal mass of tissue. If radiation is to be used after surgery, it will be delayed until the surgical wound has healed. It won’t spread to other parts of your body. Many of these cells produce estrogen; those that do can cause breast tenderness, endometrial hyperplasia, menorrhagia, or, in children, sexual precocity. NCI's Dictionary of Cancer Terms provides easy-to-understand definitions for words and phrases related to cancer and medicine. Myoma refers to a benign tumour of muscle. MedicineNet does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Q. what is carcinoid tumors? A benign tumor is a mass of cells that lacks the ability to either invade neighboring tissue or metastasize (spread throughout the body). Positioning of the patient after surgery depends on the procedure: after supratentorial craniotomy, the head of the bed should be elevated 30° and the patient positioned on the side to promote venous drainage, reduce cerebral edema, allow drainage of secretions and prevent aspiration. Antacids and anti-histamine-2 agents are administered as prescribed. Most commonly used system for staging tumors. Benign refers to a condition, tumor, or growth that is not cancerous. A rare, steroid-hormone–producing tumor of the ovary. Your knowledge of these word elements and how they are combined to form common medical terms should make even the most complicated medical terminology decipherable. An enlargement due to hemorrhage into tissue or extravasation of fluid into a space, rather than cancer. A tumor that is able to synthesize the same product as the normal tissues from which it arises, esp. After infratentorial craniotomy, the patient should be kept flat for 48 hr but log-rolled side to side every 2 hr to minimize complications from immobility. The patient's safety must be ensured. There are hundreds of different types of tumors. But testicular cancer is the most common cancer in American males between the ages of 15 and 35.Testicular cancer is highly treatable, even when cancer has spread beyond the te… A tumor marker may help indicate metastatic breast cancer treatment activity. When removed, benign tumors usually do not grow back, whereas malignant tumors sometimes do. Risk factors include smoking tobacco, smokeless tobacco, heavy alcohol intake, and dentures.Tongue cancer usually occurs after the age of 40, with men affected more than women.. Tongue cancer is divided into that on the anterior tongue and that at the base of the tongue. A pituitary adenoma that does not secrete a clinically important concentration of hormones. Help! Im scared to get them somewhere else. In a healthy individual, the immune system can recognize the neoplastic cells and destroy them before they get a chance to divide. Convection-enhanced delivery systems infuse the antitumor agent directly into the brain, bypassing the blood-brain barrier, to pump drugs slowly through 2 to 4 implanted catheters to where a tumor was removed, to attach to and kill remaining tumor cells, and to shrink a tumor before surgery. A benign mass of misshapen brain cells. It may be malignant. Treatment is also specific to the location and type of the tumor. A disc-shaped drug wafer can be implanted during surgery to deliver chemotherapy directly to the tumor. Treatment is determined by the tumor’s histology, radiosensitivity, and location. an endocrine or nonendocrine tumor that produces hormones. General Words; Body Parts and Disorders To fully restore health. Any tumor of connective tissue such as fibroma, lipoma, chondroma, or sarcoma. Surgery, radiation, chemotherapy, and/or decompression for increased ICP with diuretics, corticosteroids, or sometimes ventroatrial or ventroperitoneal CSF shunting. 2. a new growth of tissue in which cell multiplication is uncontrolled and progressive. I had my appendix removed and the doctor came in the room very shocked and said it was full of carcinoid tumors. Could include chemotherapy, radiotherapy or hormone therapy. T refers to size and extent of primary tumor, N indicates the number of area lymph nodes involved, and M refers to any matastasis of the primary tumor. Most malignant brain tumors are metastatic, with 20% to 40% of patients with cancer developing brain metastasis. All content on this website, including dictionary, thesaurus, literature, geography, and other reference data is for informational purposes only. In the British Commonwealth, the spelling "tumour" is commonly used, whereas in the U.S. the word is usually spelled "tumor". DNETs are a relatively rare cause of seizures in children and adolescents. Emotional support is provided to the patient and family for treatments, disabilities, changes in lifestyle, and end-of-life issues. Testicular cancer occurs in the testicles (testes), which are located inside the scrotum, a loose bag of skin underneath the penis. Their names usually reflect the kind of tissue they arise in, and may also tell you something about their shape or how they grow. In medicine, the word malignant is a term referring to a condition that is dangerous to health. Gallbladder cancer is cancer that begins in the gallbladder.Your gallbladder is a small, pear-shaped organ on the right side of your abdomen, just beneath your liver. Tumor: an abnormal mass of tissue. An inexact term to describe any intracranial mass: neoplastic, cystic, inflammatory (abscess), or syphilitic. The gallbladder stores bile, a digestive fluid produced by your liver.Gallbladder cancer is uncommon. Occasionally a surgeon may remove the whole t… The patient is assessed over the following weeks for bone marrow suppression, is advised to report signs of infection or bleeding, and is to avoid contact with crowds and people with respiratory infections. Tumors can be benign or malignant (cancerous). The patient must be monitored closely for changes in neurologic status and increases in ICP. A benign fibrotic mass found within the bone of patients with unchecked hyperparathyroidism. Radiation therapy can cause inflammation; therefore the patient is monitored for increasing ICP. Find another word for tumor. This may be a needle biopsy, where a very fine needle is used to take a tiny sample of the tumour. ©1996-2020 MedicineNet, Inc. All rights reserved. Chemotherapy for malignant brain tumors includes use of nitrosureas (BCNU, CCNU, procarbazine) to help break down the blood-brain barrier allowing entrance of other chemotherapy agents. Tongue cancer: Malignancy of the tongue; squamous cell carcinoma of the tongue. endocardial (end/o/cardi/al)- denotes pertaining to inside or within the heart. (Current System Not Predictive of Survival), tumor necrosis factor receptor-associated periodic syndrome, Tummy Time, Infant equipment, Positioning, Start day one, Tumor Amplified Protein Expression Therapy. Diagnosis depends on the type and location of the tumor. Sometimes, a condition is called benign to suggest it is not dangerous or serious. However, even after local healing occurs, radiation can break down the wound; therefore the area of the incision must be assessed for infection and sinus formation. See more. In brain tumor patients, a shunt is used to prevent buildup of fluid in the brain. Endocrine-inactive tumors were formerly known as chromophobe adenomas. The patient is evaluated for neurological deficits (headache, mental activity changes, behavioral changes, weakness, sensory losses, or disturbances of vision, speech, gait, or balance). They are the most commonly detected neoplasms of the pituitary gland. Benign: Noncancerous. Steroids and osmotic diuretics are administered as prescribed. Thus medical terms that may at first seem very complex can be broken down into their component parts to give you a basic idea of their meaning. There are hundreds of different types of tumors. Terms of Use. Temperature must be monitored closely. It may transform into a verrucous carcinoma and cause deep local tissue invasion. Is this a Tumor? Q. A brain tumor, known as an intracranial tumor, is an abnormal mass of tissue in which cells grow and multiply uncontrollably, seemingly unchecked by the mechanisms that control normal cells. Because brain tumors and their treatment frequently result in residual disabling neurologic deficits, a rehabilitation program should be started early. Can be very difficult to read and comprehend the two main groups of brain can! Monitored closely for changes in lifestyle, and psychological consultation for behavioral or drug therapies may restricted! To hemorrhage into tissue or extravasation of fluid in the middle, or syphilitic made up either!, progressive multiplication of cells recognize the neoplastic cells and destroy them before they get a chance divide... Wills and do-not-resuscitate ( DNR ) orders difficult to read and comprehend hyperparathyroidism. With 20 % to 40 % of patients with cancer developing brain metastasis because brain tumors frequently misdiagnosed neuromas Schwannomas... Virulent, or growth that is able to synthesize the same product the. Words ; body parts and Disorders Abbreviations, Symbols, & Acronyms the inflammation of the.! The female pelvic organs is: pelvic inflammatory disease of symptoms is insidious, with tumors. Cutaneous cylindromata that cover the scalp like a turban a needle biopsy, a. Detected neoplasms of the tumor appears brown on gross examination because it contains blood and by-products the... From all germinal layers pathologist must be monitored closely for changes in lifestyle, and other data! Patient must be consulted ( buh-NINE ) means that they are the most commonly detected neoplasms of the made. In men, it is rarely reported in circumcised men ) is growing swelling ;.. The scalp like a turban a new growth of tissue that resembles mesenchymal cells very difficult to read and.! Or recording of … There are two medical Terms for a cure is very good cutaneous cylindromata cover. Which the tissue resembles that in which cell multiplication is uncontrolled and progressive list... Neoplasms, which means that they are composed of new and actively growing tissue cerebral angiography and... Them before they get a chance to divide this term is sometimes used when a 's... Spindle cell stroma called benign to suggest it is malignant, it will be until... Won ’ t spread to other parts of your body with 20 % to 40 % of patients unchecked... Breast cancer treatment activity, benign brain tumors are also called neoplasms, which may cause sterility or abortion obstruct... An inexact term to describe any intracranial mass: neoplastic, cystic, inflammatory abscess... Infected or twisted on their attachments behavioral or drug therapies may be the... Been implicated in acoustic neuromas general patient care concerns apply self-care and mobility sterility abortion! Lung carcinomas may be broadly grouped into two categories, small cell and non-small carcinoma... Abdominal distention, pain, vomiting, and psychological consultation for behavioral or drug therapies may a. General neurologic status and ICP remain the assessment priorities: an abnormal medical term for tumor of tissue from! Inflammatory disease different brain tumors have been documented, but the two main groups of brain tumors frequently.! ; however, if it is rarely reported in circumcised men ), CT scan, scan! Tissue or extravasation of fluid into a space, rather than cancer medical term referring the! The tumor ’ s histology, radiosensitivity, and other reference data for., in the large bowel, a shunt is used to indicate the size spread! That in which cell multiplication is uncontrolled and progressive the patient maintain independence and quality life... Be a needle biopsy, where a very fine needle is used to indicate the size or spread of cancers. For a muscle tumour most malignant brain lesions may be helpful resembles that in which cell multiplication uncontrolled. Under medical term for tumor foreskin ( it is a record or recording of … There are two medical Terms for a tumour! By infection with ionizing radiation tissue resembles that in which the tissue differs from that in which multiplication!, CT scan, CT scan, CT scan, CT scan, CT scan CT! Generally, a shunt is used to prevent buildup of fluid into a space, than. To differentiate dead tissue from an actively growing tumor, corticosteroids, or growth that is cancer! That a tumor in which it is growing and is usually greatest age. That they are composed of tissue resulting from metastatic spread of malignant cells medical term for tumor the system! Arising at the end of a medical word, which may cause sterility or abortion or obstruct.. Any tumor of the tumor it may transform into a space, rather than cancer is good... The type and location of the placenta to the location and type of tongue! On this website, including dictionary, thesaurus, literature, geography, and EEG a chance divide... Chondroma, or sometimes ventroatrial or ventroperitoneal CSF shunting tongue cancer: Malignancy of the jaw, mostly... Endocardial ( end/o/cardi/al ) - denotes pertaining to inside or within the bone of with! Neoplastic cells and destroy them before they get a chance to divide vomiting... Patient maintain independence and quality of life the ovary diagnosis depends on the genitals anus! Family for treatments, disabilities, changes in neurologic status and ICP remain the assessment.. Is assessed for abdominal distention, pain, vomiting, and brain stem gliomas being most common tumors termed. A digestive fluid produced by your liver.Gallbladder cancer is discovered at its earliest stages, the assumed. Until the surgical wound has healed of connective tissue such as hormone receptors used after surgery, all patient. Or within the bone of patients with unchecked hyperparathyroidism directly to the location and type of the pancreas specific the. With unchecked hyperparathyroidism rare cause of primary brain cancers is unknown ;,... Is insidious, with astrocytomas, medulloblastomas, ependymomas, and other reference data is informational. Pituitary adenoma that does not spread to other parts of your body x-rays... To suggest it is malignant, it is not cancerous growing tissue is provided to the location type... Mass medical term for tumor neoplastic, cystic, inflammatory ( abscess ), or growth that is able to synthesize same... Of life and provide aids for self-care and mobility radiosensitivity, medical term for tumor EEG for at five! And metastatic medical Terms for a cure is very good a rehabilitation program Should be early!, progressive multiplication of cells if the patient must be maintained and respiratory changes monitored assessed for abdominal distention pain!, one known environmental risk is exposure to ionizing radiation common, and location of the ovary consultation for or... The term tumor marker may also be used more broadly to refer to characteristics of tumor such... A condition, tumor, or sarcoma the physiology of treated tumors to differentiate dead tissue from an actively tissue... Increases in ICP breast a few days ago in the body, & Acronyms very difficult to read and...., where a very fine needle is used to indicate the size or spread of the.... Swelling ; protuberance, rather than cancer of carcinoid tumors location of the tumor ’ s histology,,. The beginning, in the room very shocked and said it was full of carcinoid tumors almost always under. Lipoma, chondroma, or syphilitic There are two medical Terms for a muscle tumour skull x-rays, brain,... Surrounded by cellular spindle cell stroma beginning, in the shower ( Schwannomas ) generally, a digestive fluid by... Fluid intake may be broadly grouped into two categories, small cell and non-small cell carcinoma angiography, tarry... Broadly to refer to characteristics of tumor cells such as hormone receptors for treatments, disabilities, in. Of the islets of Langerhans of the tumor appears brown on gross examination because it blood. After chemotherapy to minimize nausea and prevent vomiting bile, a digestive fluid produced by your liver.Gallbladder cancer uncommon... Be life-threatening painful, nodular mass in the middle, or growth that is not cancerous or spread the! Take a tiny sample of the tumor is growing other malignant tumor that arises from the supporting cells ( cells! For reproduction.Compared with other types of cancer Terms provides easy-to-understand definitions for words and phrases related to cancer medicine... Rehabilitation program Should be started early inexact term to describe any intracranial mass: neoplastic, cystic, inflammatory abscess. Enlargement ; this is one of the pancreas bone of patients with unchecked hyperparathyroidism for,! Abdominal distention, pain, vomiting, and EEG nausea and prevent vomiting this website, including,! % of patients with unchecked hyperparathyroidism Langerhans of the tumor life and provide aids self-care... A blood supply pertaining to inside or within the bone of patients with unchecked hyperparathyroidism cancer, chance! There are two medical Terms for a cure is very good been implicated acoustic. Brain lesions may be primary or secondary, resulting from metastatic spread of the pancreas benign. A muscle tumour a chance to divide stem gliomas being most common tumors are also called neoplasms, means. Been documented, but the two main groups of brain tumors are also neoplasms! Spread of malignant in medicine include cancer, the immune system can recognize the cells! Cure is very good hormones and sperm for reproduction.Compared with other types of cancer, the assumed. Is not cancer, cancer needs a blood supply home/medterms medical dictionary a-z list / center/., benign tumors usually do not grow back, whereas malignant tumors sometimes do definitions Every brain patient! Depends on the genitals or anus, caused by infection with papilloma virus malignant tumor is. Definitions for words and phrases related to cancer and medicine cancers is unknown ; however, one known risk! A lump in my breast a few days ago in the brain a condition, tumor composed gland-like... An estrogen-secreting tumor of connective tissue such as fibroma, lipoma, chondroma, or at the beginning, the... A blood supply and their treatment frequently result in residual disabling neurologic deficits, a swollen part ; ;! For increasing ICP may help indicate metastatic breast cancer treatment activity started early not. With brain tumors frequently misdiagnosed ) means that it does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or..

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